Detecting Buried objects in a harbour

Port development

Imaging gassy sediments

Complex geologies

imaging a karstic substratum

Marine Renewable Energies

Detection of an old anchor

Submarine archaeology

electromagnetic measurements around hdvc cables

Impact studies

telegraphIC cable detection

Infrastructure monitoring

Innovative R&D projects

Defense

Mappem Geophysics projets detection objets

DETECTING BURIED OBJECTS IN A harbour

DERISKING

The objective was to detect and identify buried metallic objects in a harbour before dredging works. In particular, the detection of UXO was needed to secure the works, with the possibility of non-ferrous LMB mines in the area

The standard methods generally used to detect buried objects are usually not effective in harbours. Indeed, the environment of harbours is often magnetically t saturated, noises are interfering with acoutic systems, and biogenic gas is often present. The MAPPEM system, as an active electromagnetic measurement tool, allows effective measurements even in noisy environments such as harbours. We have developed a specific data processing (BODIES processing) to easily identify anomalies caused by the presence of buried objects.

  • Location: Amsterdam harbour, the Netherlands
  • Date: 2018
  • Partner: Deep BV
  • Duration: 2 days
  • Type of Investigation:  Buried object detection 
  • Deployed instrument: MAPPEM
  • Length of the survey: about 50 km

Imaging sandy areas

DREDGING

The goal of the project was to detect sandy areas and captrock in a site before a dredging campaign. In particular, we were looking for outcropping rocks to secure and optimize the works.

Resistivity imaging of the marine subsurface using electromagnetic tools is particularly effective in the context of dredging because it highlights strong resistivity contrasts between sedimentary (e.g., sand) and rocky areas.

For this reason, our tools are particularly adapted to facilitate dredging works, to secure and optimize them by avoiding rocky obstructions, and by saving time in the location of possible sandy areas.

  • Location: Middle East
  • Date: 2019
  • Client: Dredging compagny
  • Duration: 8 days
  • Type of geophysics: resistivity imaging of the geology
  • Instrument deployed: MAPPEM-S
  • Survey length: about 250 km

Imaging gassy sediments

GEOHAZARD

The main objective of the survey was to characterize the marine subseabed, composed of shallow gas-bearing sediments. The survey was conducted together with Ifremer, who carried out a Ultra High Resolution seismic imaging on the same lines.

As gas bubbles are a strong mask for acoustic signals, seismic imaging is not able to provide information of the soil geometry below the gas caps. The resistivity survey  added information about the properties of the gas-bearing sediments, especially their particularly high porosity.

  • Location: Bay of Concarneau, France
  • Date: 2018
  • GEOSISMEM project, France Energies Marines
  • 1 day survey
  • Type of geophysics: resistivity imaging of the geology
  • Instrument deployed: MAPPEM
  • Suvey length: about 25km

Imaging a karstIC sUBSTRATUM

GEOHAZARDs

The objective of the project was to image the subsurface of the Marine Renewable Energy site located off Saint-Nazaire (France). Indeed, this site has the particularity to present a limestone geology having undergone a phenomenon of karstification in places.

Karstic geologies are often complex to study due to their high heterogeneity and the high reflectivity of the rock, considerably limiting the penetration of conventional seismic imaging. Karstic zones can present dissolution voids and thus may have a different mechanical behavior from the surrounding intact rock. Thus, this dissolution phenomenon may have an influence on geotechnical design parameters of the foundations.

  • Location: MRE site of Saint-Nazaire, France
  • Date: 2015
  • Client: EDF Renouvelables
  • Duration: 5 days
  • Type of geophysics: resistivity imaging of the subsurface
  • Instrument deployed: MAPPEM
  • Survey length: about 250 km

Mappem Geophysics projects Aluminium mines

Detecting an Aluminum LMB mine

DERISKING

The goal of this project was to study the electromagnetic signature of a German aluminum LMB mine from the Second World War and located off Dieppe. This mine had been identified during the investigation of the planned MRE site off Dieppe (France). The MAPPEM system coud successfully detect and localize the mine and is the only system on the market directly capable of detecting such items.

With a water depth of 24 m, a superficial geology composed of sand and a USBL positioning system, the conditions of the electromagnetic acquisition were good to deploy the MAPPEM system and investigate the LMB mine site in order to record its electromagnetic signature. Several direct detection of the LMB mine have been recorded.

  • Location: Dieppe, France
  • Date 2015
  • EDF Renouvelables
  • 1 day
  • Type of geophysics: buried object detection
  • Instrument deployed: MAPPEM
  • Survey length : 25 lines passing over the target in different directions

DEtecting Objects around a Ship wreck

Marine archeology

The goal of this project was to detect metallic objects around a ship wreck during an archological survey but also to study the electromagnetic signature of a ship anchor identified on the seabed and coming from a wreck located in the vicinity of Brest.

An archaeological prospecting project was held by the DRASSM to search for the remains of the Cordelière and the Regent dating from the 16th century. Mappem Geophysics completed the measurements together with other techniques (magnetometer, side-scan sonar, ROV, etc.) in order to detect various clues to facilitate the research. In particular, the aim was to locate the metallic objects present in the prospecting area. Indeed, the two lost wrecks were equipped with artillery pieces, some of which (massive) made of bronze, being undetectable by classical prospecting techniques if buried in the sediment. The campaign took place in challenging conditions (50m deep, currents), with no particular technical difficulties and very good data quality. The system used was the MAPPEM-3D.

The processing of electromagnetic data was done using the "Bodies" process adapted to buried object detection.

  • Goulet de Brest, France
  • 2018
  • DRASSM
  • 3 days
  • Type of geophysics: buried object detection
  • Instrument deployed: MAPPEM-3D

Mappem Geophysics projets cordeliere

Electromagnetic fields generated by HVDC cables

Environment

The goal of this project was to measure the electromagnetic signature of High Voltage Direct Current (HDVC) power cables located off Calais and off Jersey, in order to assess their potential impact on the environment. MAPPEM Geophysics developped unique instruments, towed or fixed on the bottom, to precisely measure electromagnetic fields from marine infrastructures.

HVDC cables, in which  high intensity electrical current flows, generate a electromagnetic signals created by the electrical current. In theory, the electric field emitted by a shielded cable, in which a perfect direct current flows, should be zero. However the precision of MAPPEM allows to detect all variations in the fields. Electric fields are induced by the variations of the magnetic field in the sea water. 

The objective of the measurements carried out by the PASSEM or STATEM systems was to confront the theory with the reality of the electromagnetic fields generated near the cables.

  • Location: Calais and Jersey France
  • date 2019
  • Project SPECIES, France Energies Marines
  • 1 day at each location
  • Type of investigation: passive measurement of ambient electromagnetic fields
  • Instruments deployed: PASSEM and STATEM

Detecting Telegraphic cables

INfrastructure monitoring

The main objective of the project was to study the electromagnetic signature of old transatlantic telegraphic cables of 6 cm diameter located in the creek of Deolen, in Brittany, France.

The active electromagnetic survey was carried out in Deolen to detect the old telegraphic cables located in the creek. These cables used to link the European continent to America at the beginning of the 20th Century.

Two types of data were recorded:

  • Resistivity from direct current (DC)
  • Induction data (TDEM)
  • The system used is the MAPPEM-3D and the data processing "BODIES".

The cables are easily detected with our system despite their small diameter. This area is a good test zone for MAPPEM to regularly train and test new developments.

  • Deolen, Brittany, France
  • Date 2018
  • Several 1 day test surveys
  • Deployed instrument: MAPPEM-3D
  • Type of geophysics: buried object detection

R&D projects

DEfense

Event before the creation of  MAPPEM Geophysics, the team has been developing numerous R&D projects on various subjects related to marine electromagnetics. Constant innovation is the key of our identity and we carry out numerous research and development projects for different sectors. In particular, we already have developed several projects with the Defense sector since 2014. These projects are related to our unique know-how and expertise on the generation and measurements

  • DGA
  • 2015 - ongoing
  • Developpment of an electromagnetic measurement bench for research on vessel's discretion.
  • Equipment of a basin with a mobile measurement system with electric and magnetic field sensors.
  • Measurement of the electromagnetic signature of ships mockups.

  • DGA
  • 2016 - 2017
  • Optimizing the active protection of ships against corrosion while remaining as stealthy as possible.
  • Development of a control and measurement system for cathodic protection by imposed current.
  • development and equipment of vessel's mockups.
  • Maintenance of the systems

  • DGA
  • 2018
  • Design of an electromagnetic barrier system
  • Testing the barrier by passing an intruder and assessing its electromagnetic signature.
  • For harbour protection.

  • Undiclosed clients
  • Design and development of electromagnetic generation and measurements systems for defense and civil projects.